Breasfeeding is the gold standard in infant nutrition. Studies have shown that exclusively breastfed children benefit from better immunity and optimal growth and development.get the science of experts
According to the “Convention on the Rights of the Child”, every infant and child have the right to good nutrition. Breastmilk is the ideal food for infants. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months.
The first 1000 days - referring to the period from conception to 2 years of age – is a crucial period for immune, endocrine, metabolic and neural developmental pathways. Any adverse insult in this period, such as suboptimal feeding, may contribute to lifelong and intergenerational deficits in growth and development.
Emerging perspective of human developmental biology includes the microbiota (and the microbiome) that reside within the human body. The microbial establishment and succession during early life plays a critical role in the maturation of developmental pathways, which may lead to later-life health impacts.
Beyond the first 1000 days period, and more globally, adequate nutrition during infancy and childhood is essential not only to ensure that the child’s nutritional needs are met for healthy growth and development, but also provides a window of opportunity for interventions to reduce the burden of noncommunicable diseases in later-life.
Around 10% to 20% of women experience perinatal and postnatal depression. This condition is characterized by intense feelings of sadness, despair, anxiety and irritability during pregnancy and after birth. In this interview, Prof. Kulkarni explains the causes and symptoms of and interventions for pre and postpartum depression.
Jayashri Kulkarni is a Professor of Psychiatry. She is the founder and leader of a large psychiatric research group, the Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre (MAPrc). She is also the President of the International Association for Women’s Mental Health. Prof. Kulkarni has been working for 25 years in the field of women’s mental health and has improved the quality of care for mental issues by developing treatments specifically conceived to respond to women’s biological, psychological and social needs.
The gut microbiota is a highly complex community which evolves and adapts to its host over a lifetime. It has been described as a virtual organ owing to the myriad of functions it performs, including the production of bioactive metabolites, regulation of immunity, energy homeostasis and protection against pathogens.
This study aimed to establish a mother and child cohort in the Chinese population, and investigate human breastmilk (HBM) composition and its relationship with maternal body mass index (BMI) and infant growth during the first 3 months of life.
Cow’s milk allergy is a common diagnosis in early life. It consists of an allergic reaction to the protein present in cow’s milk and manifests as a variety of symptoms such as skin reactions and digestive issues which commonly develop in infants. In this webinar, Prof. Christophe Dupont, from the University of Paris Descartes, addresses the clinical symptoms and the treatments for this condition.
Dr. Christophe Dupont has been a Paediatric Gastroenterologist (GI) since 1980, and has specialised in endoscopy, with a focus on endoscopy in neonates and allergic children. He was formerly head of the ambulatory paediatric GI department at Hospital Necker in Paris and Emeritus professor at Paris-Descartes University. Dr. Dupont is now president of the Committee of Nutrition of the French Society of Pediatrics and he is currently working in the field of pediatric GI and severe food allergy, diagnosis and treatment. He is also the co-founder of the company DBV Technologies. He is the principal investigator in numerous clinical trials, in the field of gastroesophageal reflux, diarrhea, constipation, infant nutrition and food allergy. Dr. Dupont has published over 300 publications in peer-reviewed papers.
Diet remains one of the main drivers of the obesity pandemic, in particular the overconsumption of calorically dense palatable foods in early life. There is increasing interest to further our understanding of the pathways in the brain that drive excess unhealthy food consumption and how they are established from the onset.
The exact causes linking prenatal and early life under- or over-nutrition with a higher risk of obesity and metabolic disease in later life remain uncertain. Previous work shows that the human body can adapt to changing nutrient availability through epigenetic mechanisms, for which plasticity is especially pronounced in early life thereby increasing the adaptability of newborns to their environment.
Raising awareness of maternal and infant health to parents is an important duty of health care professionals. We created the parents corner to provide you with insightful resources to help you in your mission.parents corner